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Present Perfect

[has/have + past participle]
  • You have seen that movie many times.

USE 1 Unspecified Time Before Now

We use the Present Perfect to say that an action happened at an unspecified time before now. The exact time is not important. You CANNOT use the Present Perfect with specific time expressions such as: yesterday, one year ago, last week, when I was a child, when I lived in Japan, at that moment, that day, one day, etc. We CAN use the Present Perfect with unspecific expressions such as: ever, never, once, many times, several times, before, so far, already, yet, etc.
  • have seen that movie twenty times.
  • I think I have met him once before.


You can use the Present Perfect to describe your experience. It is like saying, "I have the experience of..." You can also use this tense to say that you have never had a certain experience. The Present Perfect is NOT used to describe a specific event.
  • have been to France.
    This sentence means that you have had the experience of being in France. Maybe you have been there once, or several times.
  • have been to France three times.
    You can add the number of times at the end of the sentence.

Change Over Time

We often use the Present Perfect to talk about change that has happened over a period of time.
  • You have grown since the last time I saw you.
  • The government has become more interested in arts education.


We often use the Present Perfect to list the accomplishments of individuals and humanity. You cannot mention a specific time.
  • Man has walked on the Moon.
  • Our son has learned how to read.

An Uncompleted Action You Are Expecting

We often use the Present Perfect to say that an action which we expected has not happened. Using the Present Perfect suggests that we are still waiting for the action to happen.
  • James has not finished his homework yet.
  • Susan hasn't mastered Japanese, but she can communicate.

Multiple Actions at Different Times

We also use the Present Perfect to talk about several different actions which have occurred in the past at different times. Present Perfect suggests the process is not complete and more actions are possible.
  • The army has attacked that city five times.
  • have had four quizzes and five tests so far this semester.

Time Expressions with Present Perfect

When we use the Present Perfect it means that something has happened at some point in our lives before now. Remember, the exact time the action happened is not important.

Sometimes, we want to limit the time we are looking in for an experience. We can do this with expressions such as: in the last week, in the last year, this week, this month, so far, up to now, etc.

  • Have you been to Mexico in the last year?
  • have seen that movie six times in the last month.


"Last year" and "in the last year" are very different in meaning. "Last year" means the year before now, and it is considered a specific time which requires Simple Past. "In the last year" means from 365 days ago until now. It is not considered a specific time, so it requires Present Perfect.
  • went to Mexico last year.
    I went to Mexico in the calendar year before this one.
Modal Verbs 

Phrasal Verbs 

Improve your English !!

How do you say: não é a minha praia" in English ?

[It’s not my bag, not my thing, not my scene, not my cup of tea, not something I enjoy or am interested in.]
  • praiaSambar num desfile de carnaval não é a minha praia.
  • Dancing samba in a carnival parade is not my scene.
"Dar um pulo na casa de alguém"

to visit someone, esp. briefly [fazer uma visita, esp. rápida; “dar um pulo na casa de”]
  • “Do you want to drop by your mother’s house next weekend?”, Jeff asked his wife.
  • “Você quer dar um pulo na casa da sua mãe no próximo final de semana?”, Jeff perguntou à esposa.


Improve your vocabulary !

Comparative & Superlative

V.I.P classes !

Expressão: Hold your horses !

HOLD YOUR HORSES![Não tenha tanta pressa, devagar que o santo é de barro!]
  • Hold your horsesHold your horses, we have plenty of time.
  • Não tenha tanta pressa, temos muito tempo.



Como se diz " pão francês" em inglês ?

Que confusão pode acontecer quando o brasileiro vai para o exterior e pede um bread. Os nativos do idioma inglês raramente usam a palavra bread, porque ela é bastante genérica. Existe bread em várias formas.
Tomemos como exemplo o nosso pãozinho francês. Em inglês, ele seria chamado de roll (porque a massa de pão é enrolada antes de ser assada). Um pão de forma é um loaf e uma fatia de pão é slice. Um pão de forma fatiado, portanto, é um sliced loaf. Um pão de hambúrguer  é um bun.
Então, na próxima viagem, bye bye bread! Use:
  • pãozinho francêsloaf = pão de forma
  • slice = fatia
  • sliced loaf = pão de forma fatiado
  • bun = pão de hambúrguer
  • roll = pãozinho francês
  • soft roll = pão de cachorro-quente
  • small roll = bisnaguinha

Vou repetir: Pãozinho francês não é French bread. É roll.

An apple a day keeps the doctor away !